The following case studies help to illustrate the role that breast thermography plays as an addition to a woman's regular breast health care.


Case Study #1

This patient came to our office with a lump in the right breast. Her doctor sent her in for a follow-up mammogram to investigate the lump. The mammogram came back negative with a recommendation for a routine annual exam.



The image to the left shows a significant amount of heat and vascularity (angiogenesis) in the right breast, especially over the lump in the upper outer quadrant.

 

In this image, the left breast is shown to be cool with a normal limited vascular pattern.

 

This image shows the right breast with the area of the lump directly facing the infrared detector. The increased heat and vascularity is very evident.

The patient was sent back to her doctor with a recommendation for further testing.

A biopsy confirmed that the lump was cancer.



Case Study #2

This patient came to our center with a recent mammogram that was considered watchful for an area in the left breast. A follow-up ultrasound of the left breast was also watchful for the same area. The report recommended a follow-up mammogram in 6 months to monitor the finding in the left breast.

The image to the left shows a noticeable increase in heat and blood vessel activity (angiogenesis) in the left breast when compared to the right.

 
This image of the right breast shows a normal cool thermal signal and vascular pattern.

 
In this image, the left breast is viewed showing the full extent of the hot engorged blood vessels extending throughout the breast.

The patient was sent back to her doctor with a recommendation for further testing with a focus on the watchful area in the left breast.

A biopsy came back positive for cancer.



Case Study #3

This case demonstrates how angiogenesis is involved in malignant tumor growth and how infrared imaging detects this process. This patient came to our center to add thermography to her regular breast health care.


The image to the left shows a significant amount of heat and blood vessels in the right breast, especially noticeable is a single large vessel (red stripe). The left breast is cool and normal in comparison.

The patient was sent back to her doctor for an immediate follow-up mammogram. The combined findings on the thermogram and mammogram prompted her doctor to order a biopsy. The biopsy was positive for a very early stage cancer.

 


This image was taken three months after the patient's lumpectomy. Note how the right breast has returned to a normal cool state. The blood vessels seen in the previous image have vanished. Since the cancer has been removed, there is no longer a demand for an increased blood supply to maintain the continued growth of the tumor.


Case Study #4

This patient came to our center after having a normal mammogram and a watchful ultrasound of the left breast. The report recommended follow-up imaging in 6 months. Her doctor was concerned over a thickening of the left breast.

The image to the left shows a significant increase in temperature of the entire left breast along with noticable vascularity (angiogenesis).
 
In this image, the right breast is seen to be normal and cool without evidence of suspicious blood vessel activity.
 
This image shows in full detail the significant amount of thermovascular activity in the left breast.

The patient was referred back to her doctor with the recommendation for further testing.

The biopsy results were positive for inflammatory breast cancer.



Case Study #5

This case study involves a 19 year old woman who discovered a lump in her right breast. Her doctor examined the area and noted that it was likely a cyst. The patient insisted on further tests. A mammogram was performed along with a follow-up ultrasound. The findings were negative on both tests. Her doctor assured her that everything was fine and that she was too young to have breast cancer. The patient came to our center for a thermogram.

The image to the left shows a marked increase in temperature and vascularity (angiogenesis) in the right breast.

In this image, the left breast is cool and without a suspicious vascular pattern.

This image of the right breast shows a single large hot blood vessel leading into the area of the lump.

We referred the patient back to her doctor for further testing.

A biopsy confirmed that the lump was cancer.



Case Study #6

This 42 year old woman presented with a complaint of pain in the left breast. Her last physical examination of the breast was considered normal. She informed us that if it were not for the findings on this thermogram, she would not have pursued the pain any further.


The image to the left shows a significant increase in temperature and vascularity (angiogenesis) in the left breast.

In this image, the right breast shows some heating, but no suspicious vascular patterns.

This image of the left breast shows large hot and engorged blood vessels throughout most of the breast.

We referred the patient back to her doctor for an immediate mammogram and follow-up ultrasound in the event that the mammogram was negative.

The mammogram and ultrasound detected a suspicous area in the left breast. A follow-up biopsy confirmed it was cancer.



Home